The Act respecting labour standards provides for situations where an employee may be absent to take care of a close relation or himself, in case of sickness. The following tables summarize these situations, specifying the length of these leaves and the conditions to fulfill to benefit from them.

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Leaves in cases of pregnancy, birth or adoption

Leaves for mothers

Event Type of leave Length of leave Conditions/obligations
During the pregnancy Leave for examinations related to her pregnancy
  • Occasional leave, if necessary, according to the number of examinations required
  • Leave without pay
  • The employee must notify her employer as soon as possible
In case of a risk of termination of pregnancy Special maternity leave
  • For the period indicated on the medical certificate
  • Leave without pay
  • The employee must submit a medical certificate
Following a termination of pregnancy before the 20th week Special maternity leave
  • 3 weeks, unless a medical certificate certifies the need to extend the leave.
  • Leave without pay
  • • The employee must give the employer written notice as soon as possible. This notice must contain the scheduled date of return to work and be accompanied by a medical certificate.
In cases of normal pregnancy or termination of pregnancy after the 20th week Maternity leave
  • 18 weeks
  • Leave without pay
  • The employee must notify her employer in writing as soon as possible and submit a medical certificate
 

Leaves for fathers

Event Type of leave Length of leave Conditions/obligations
At the birth of his child Paternity leave
  • 5 weeks
  • Leave without pay
  • The employee must notify his employer in writing 3 weeks before the start of the leave and inform him of the date when he will return at work
 

Leaves for parents

Event Type of leave Length of leave Conditions/obligations
For the birth or adoption of a child

5 days, with the first 2 days paid, no matter the length of continuous service *
The employee must notify the employer as soon as possible.
  • If the mother is already on maternity leave, she may not benefit from this leave.
  • This leave must be taken within 15 days of the child's arrival at the employee's home. This leave may be divided into days if the employee requests it. These days may also be divided into hours if the employer agrees.
 

Québec Parental Insurance Plan

Under the Québec Parental Insurance PlanThis link open in a new window, benefits are paid to support the income of a female employee who is absent from work after the birth or adoption of a child.

* NOTE

  • The purpose of the prevention program For a Safe Maternity Experience is to maintain hazard-free employment of the pregnant or breast-feeding worker. According to the Act respecting occupational health and safety, if you are pregnant or breast-feeding, you have the right to work without hazards or to be assigned immediately to tasks that do not involve a hazard for you and that you are reasonably able to accomplish. If it is impossible to modify the tasks or the workstation, the program provides that you have the right to stop work temporarily and receive benefits from the CNESST.

The Québec Parental Insurance Plan provides for benefits to support the income of an employee who is absent from work following the birth or adoption of a child.


Leaves for family or parental obligations

Marriage or civil union

Person concerned Length of leave Conditions/obligations
The employee
  • 1 day
  • Leave with pay
 
  • The day of his marriage or civil union must coincide with a working day
  • The employee must notify his employer at least one week ahead of time
  • one of his children
  • the child of his spouse
  • his father, mother, brother or sister
No data.
  • 1 day
  • Leave with pay
  • The day of his marriage or civil union must coincide with a working day
  • The employee must notify his employer at least one week ahead of time
 

Death or funeral

Person concerned Length of leave Conditions/obligations
  • his spouse
  • his child
  • the child of his spouse
  • his father, mother, brother or sister
  • 5 days, with the first 2 days paid
  • The employee must notify his employer at least one week ahead of time
  • The leave must be taken between the death and the funeral
  • his son-in-law
  • his daughter-in-law
  • one of his grandparents
  • one of his grandchildren
  • the father, mother, brother or sister of his spouse
  • 1 day
  • Leave without pay
  • The employee must notify his employer as soon as possible
  • The leave must be taken between the death and the funeral
  • his minor child
  • Up to 104 weeks
  • Leave without pay
  • The employee must notify his employer as soon as possible
 

Obligations

Person concerned Length of leave Conditions/obligations
Related to the study, health or education of
  • the employee's child
  • the employee's spouse's child

or due to the state of health of a relative or a person for whom the employee acts as a natural caregiver


  • 10 days per year without pay
  • This leave may be divided into days
  • A day may be divided if the employer consents thereto
  • Possibility of 2 paid days per year

  • Employees must notify their employer as soon as possible and take reasonable means to assume their obligations and limit the duration of the leave.
  • After 3 months of uninterrupted service, the employee is entitled to a total of 2 paid days of absence per year, for family or parental obligations, or for sickness, organ or tissue donation, or due to an accident, conjugal violence, sexual violence or a crime.
 

If the employee’s presence is required due to a serious illness

Person concerned Length of leave Conditions/obligations
  • a close relative of person for whom the employee serves as a natural caregiver
  • Not more than 16 weeks over a 12-month period
  • No more than 36 weeks over a 12 month period if the person is a minor child
  • A medical certificate must certify the potentially fatal serious illness.
  • The employer must be notified as quickly as possible about the leave and the reasons for it
 

Leaves following sickness, an organ or tissue donation for transplant, an accident, a crime or a suicide

Sickness, organ or tissue donation for transplant or accident

Person concerned Length of leave Conditions/obligations
The employee
  • 26 weeks over a 12-month period
  • After 3 months of uninterrupted service, the employee is entitled to a total of 2 paid days of absence per year, for family or parental obligations, or for sickness, organ or tissue donation, or due to an accident, conjugal violence, sexual violence or a crime.
 

Serious bodily injury resulting from a crime

Person concerned Length of leave Conditions/obligations
The employee
  • Not more than 104 weeks without pay
  • The employee must notify his employer as soon as possible
  • The employee must not have taken part in the crime
 

Presence required following a crime

Person concerned Length of leave Conditions/obligations
The minor child of the employee   
  • Not more than 104 weeks without pay
  • The employee must notify his employer as soon as possible
 

Disappearance

Person concerned Length of leave Conditions/obligations
  • the minor child of the employee
  • Not more than 104 weeks without pay
  • If the child is found alive before the expiry of this period, the absence ends eleven days later
  • The employee must notify his employer as soon as possible
 

Suicide committed

Person concerned Length of leave Conditions/obligations
  • by his father or mother
  • by his child
  • by his spouse
  • Not more than 104 weeks without pay
  • The employee must notify his employer as soon as possible
 

Death resulting from a crime

Person concerned Length of leave Conditions/obligations
Involving
  • his child
  • his spouse
  • Not more than 104 weeks without pay
  • The employee must notify his employer as soon as possible