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Guide Interpretation

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Part II - Regulations adopted under the Act respecting labour standards

Regulation respecting labour standards (S.Q., 1979, c. 45, s. 88, 89 and 91; after revision: R.S.Q., c. N-1.1)

Minimum wage

Sections
2
3
4
4.1
5

Section 4

The minimum wage* payable to an employee who receives gratuities or tips is $10.05 per hour.

R.R.Q., 1981, c. N-1.1, r. 3, s. 4; O.C. 1394-86, s. 1; O.C. 1340-87, s. 2; O.C. 1316-88, s. 2; O.C. 1468-89, s. 2; O.C. 1288-90, s. 3; O.C. 1201-91, s. 2; O.C. 1292-92, s. 2; O.C. 1237-93, s. 2; O.C. 1375-94, s. 2; O.C. 1209-95, s. 2; O.C. 1150-96, s. 2; O.C. 1224-96, s. 2; O.C. 1193-97, s. 2; O.C. 1148-98, s. 2; O.C. 1457-2000, s. 2; O.C. 959-2002, s. 2; O.C. 638-2003, s. 4; O.C. 327-2004, s. 2; O.C. 306-2006, s. 1; O.C. 311-2008, s. 2; O.C. 449-2009, s. 2; O.C. 318-2010, s.2 ; O.C. 394-2011, s. 1; O.C. 365-2012, s. 2; O.C. 350-2013, s. 2; O.C. 343-2014, s. 2; O.C. 206-2015, s. 2; O.C. 285-2016, s. 2; O.C. 384-2017, s. 2; O.C. 466-2018, s. 2; O.C. 413-2019, s. 2.

 

 

* Editor’s note: The minimum wage rates are subject to change. You can check their validity by contacting the Commission des normes du travail.

Interpretation

The expression “employee who receives gratuities or tips” is defined in section 1 RLS. The specific minimum wage rate payable to an employee who receives gratuities or tips is an exception to the principle that every employee must receive the general minimum wage rate set in section 3 RLS and therefore must be given a strict interpretation. The result of the application of this exception must not be to allow an employer to remunerate all employees of his undertaking at the minimum wage rate for employees who receive gratuities or tips. Since this minimum wage rate of employees receiving gratuities or tips is reserved for a specific category of employees and in precise undertakings, it is up to the employer to show in each case that he is entitled to remunerate his employees at that rate.

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