Worker not covered by the
Act respecting labour standards

The Act respecting labour standards protects the majority of Québec employees. However, some employees are totally or partially excluded from the Act.

Are totally
excluded

  • A self-employed worker within the meaning of the Act respecting labour standards
  • The employees of the federal government and its corporations
  • The employees of the Canadian Armed Forces
  • The employees of enterprises subject to the Canada Labour Code:

    • a) International and interprovincial services related to:

      • road transportation
      • railways
      • maritime and river transportation and related services
      • telephone, cable and telegraph networks
      • pipelines
      • ferry boats, tunnels and bridges

      b) radio and television broadcasting, including cable distribution, except Télé-Québec

    • c) air transportation, aircraft and airports
    • d) banks
    • e) grain elevators
    • f) extraction and processing of uranium

  • An employee who works both in Québec and outside Québec for an employer who does not have a residence, domicile, enterprise, head office or office in Québec
  • An employee who works solely outside Québec, but who is domiciled or who resides in Québec, for an employer who does not have a residence, domicile, enterprise, head office or office in Québec
  • The employee of an embassy or consulate located in Québec
  • The beneficiary referred to under the Act respecting health services and social services for Cree Native persons who works with a view to his physical, mental or social re-education in a CLSC, CSS, hospital centre or reception centre  (Regulation excluding the institutions subject to section 90 of the Act respecting labour standards)
  • A health care professional (s. 19 of the Health Insurance Act)
  • A person who performs compensatory work (art. 340 of the Code of Penal Procedure)
  • A confined person (s. 202 of the Act respecting the correctional system)
  • A person who works within the context of an employment assistance measure or program (s. 11 of the Individual and Family Assistance Act and s. 6 of the Individual and Family Assistance Regulation)

Are excluded from all standards,
except those concerning:
retirement, psychological harassment
family obligations

  • An employee subject to the Construction Decree
  • Senior managerial personnel

Are excluded from all
standards, except those
concerning: retirement
and psychological harassment

  • A worker who is a party to a contract, whose remuneration is set by regulation of the Government of Québec
  • A student who works during the school year in an enterprise chosen by the educational institution under a work induction program approved by the Ministère de l’Éducation et de l’Enseignement supérieur;
  • a person who cares for others and who performs his work:

    • a) in the dwelling of the person cared for,
    • b) on an occasional basis or
    • c) whose employment is based on a relationship of assistance to the family or community help;
    • d) and for whom the employer is not seeking to make a profit.

  • All standards