Part I - Act respecting labour standards
CHAPTER V - Recourses
A civil action brought under this Act or a regulation is prescribed by one year from each due date.
This prescription runs only from 1 May following the date of execution of the work in respect of employees engaged in logging operations.
1979, c. 45, s. 115.
A civil action (as opposed to criminal proceedings) brought under the Act respecting labour standards is prescribed by one year from each due date. The term "due date" means the date on which the performance of an obligation or a payment is claimable. Hence, the Commission has one year to claim the amounts owing, from the date on which the performance of an obligation or a payment is claimable. After that time period, the right to institute action no longer exists, subject to section 116 ALS.
In the computation of delays, the day that marks the starting point of the prescription is not counted, whereas the last day must be completely finished. In summary, the due date is the time when the right comes into being, and will vary according to one of the following four situations:
In the case of a false entry in the payroll journal or in the case of a false remittance or fraud, the starting point of prescription against the Commission only begins from the time the Commission becomes aware of this fraud (see the interpretation of section 118 ALS).
For employees working in forestry operations, the starting point of the prescription begins on the first of May following the date of the performance of the work (see the definition of "forestry operation" in section 1 RLS).
See the interpretation in section 113 ALS relating to prescription of the recourse against directors.